|Previous: World War II|
|Concurrent: Cold War|
|Date: 26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959|
|Outcome: 26 July Movement victory|
- "I want to assure you that although the rebels have mounted an impressive campaign in Las Villas -- my staff wit assurance that we'll drive them out of the city of Santa Clara before the New Year."
- ―Fulgencio Batista[src]
The Cuban Revolution was a successful armed revolt by Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement., which overthrew the US-backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista on 1 January 1959, after more than five years of struggle.
The revolution began when poorly armed rebels attacked the Moncada Barracks in Santiago and the barracks in Bayamo on 26 July 1953. The attack failed and Fidel Castro was sent to prison. However, two years later, Castro was given amnesty and fled to Mexico shortly after, where he began organizing the 26th of July Movement.
On 2 December 1956, Castro and 82 men landed in Cuba, having sailed in the boat Granma from Tuxpan, Veracruz, ready to organize and lead a revolution. By late 1958, after Batista's failed summer offensive, Fidel Castro's rebels launched their own offensive.
In December 1958, an important Mafia summit was held by gangsters such as Hyman Roth and Michael Corleone, to divide Cuba's tourism industry among various criminal organizations, particulary the Corleone family and the Jewish Mafia.
After suffering a crucial defeat at Santa Clara, Fulgencio Batista abdicated on January 1, 1959, and many gangsters and other American citizens fled Cuba's capital Havana. Castro's forces occupied Havana and other important cities the next day. Havana's hotels and casinos were nationalized in the months that followed.