|Mario Gianluigi Puzo|
|Born||October 15, 1920 |
Hell's Kitchen, New York, U.S.
|Died||July 2, 1999 |
New York, U.S.
Mario Puzo is the author of The Godfather.
Puzo was born into a poor family from Pietradefusi, Province of Avellino, Campania, Italy living in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of New York. Many of his books draw heavily on this heritage. After graduating from the City College of New York, he joined the United States Army Air Forces in World War II. Due to his poor eyesight, the military did not let him undertake combat duties but made him a public relations officer stationed in Germany. In 1950, his first short story, The Last Christmas, was published in American Vanguard. After the war, he wrote his first book, The Dark Arena, which was published in 1955.
At periods in the 1950s and early 1960s, Puzo worked as a writer/editor for publisher Martin Goodman's Magazine Management Company. Puzo, along with other writers like Bruce Jay Friedman, worked for the company line of men's magazines, pulp titles like Male, True Action, and Swank. Under the pseudonym Mario Cleri, Puzo wrote World War II adventure features for True Action.
Puzo's most famous work, The Godfather, was first published in 1969 after he had heard anecdotes about Mafia organizations during his time in pulp journalism. He later said in an interview with Larry King that his principal motivation was to make money. He had already, after all, written two books that had received great reviews, yet had not amounted to much. As a government clerk with five children, he was looking to write something that would appeal to the masses. With a number one bestseller for months on the New York Times Best Seller List, Mario Puzo had found his target audience. The book was later developed into the film The Godfather, directed by Francis Ford Coppola. The movie received 11 Academy Award nominations, winning three, including an Oscar for Puzo for Best Adapted Screenplay. Coppola and Puzo collaborated then to work on sequels to the original film, The Godfather Part II and The Godfather Part III.
Puzo wrote the first draft of the script for the 1974 disaster film Earthquake, which he was unable to continue working on due to his commitment to The Godfather Part II. Puzo also co-wrote Richard Donner's Superman and the original draft for Superman II. He also collaborated on the stories for the 1982 film A Time to Die and the 1984 Francis Ford Coppola film The Cotton Club.
Puzo never saw the publication of his penultimate book, Omertà, but the manuscript was finished before his death as was the manuscript for The Family. However, in a review originally published in the San Francisco Chronicle, Jules Siegel, who had worked closely with Puzo at Magazine Management Company, speculated that Omertà may have been completed by "some talentless hack." Siegel also acknowledges the temptation to "rationalize avoiding what is probably the correct analysis – that [Puzo] wrote it and it is terrible."
Puzo died of heart failure on Friday, July 2, 1999 at his home in Bay Shore, Long Island, New York. His family now lives in East Islip, New York.
Behind the scenesEdit
Mario Puzo was a good friend of American journalist and author Peter Maas, who had assembled The Valachi Papers, which Puzo enjoyed access to during the research period he needed to write The Godfather.
- Mario Puzo admitted that he never associated with or knew an authentic mobster, and he drew upon his knowledge of the area in which he grew up, research, and his imagination to write The Godfather.
- The Dark Arena (1955)
- The Fortunate Pilgrim (1965)
- The Runaway Summer of Davie Shaw (1966)
- Six Graves to Munich (1967), as Mario Cleri
- The Godfather (1969)
- Fools Die (1978)
- The Sicilian (1984)
- The Fourth K (1991)
- The Last Don (1996)
- Omertà (2000)
- The Family (2001) (completed by Puzo's longtime girlfriend Carol Gino)
- The Godfather Papers and Other Confessions (1972)
- Inside Las Vegas (1977)
- The Last Christmas (1950)
- "John 'Red' Marston's Island of Delight" as by Mario Cleri (1964)
- "Big Mike's Wild Young Sister-in-law" as by Mario Cleri (1964)
- "The Six Million Killer Sharks That Terrorize Our Shores” as by Mario Cleri (1966)
- "Trapped Girls in the Riviera's Flesh Casino" as by Mario Cleri (1967)
- "The Unkillable Six" as by Mario Cleri (1967)
- "Girls of Pleasure Penthouse" as by Mario Cleri (1968)
- "Order Lucy For Tonight" as by Mario Cleri (1968)
- "12 Barracks of Wild Blondes" as Mario Cleri (1968)
- "Charlie Reese's Amazing Escape from a Russian Death Camp" as by Mario Cleri (1969)
- The Godfather (1972)
- The Godfather Part II (1974)
- Earthquake (1974)
- Superman (1978)
- Superman II (1980)
- The Godfather Part III (1990)
- Christopher Columbus: The Discovery (1992)
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ Homberger, Eric. "Mario Puzo: The author of the Godfather, the book the Mafia loved", The Guardian, July 5, 1999. Accessed August 10, 2009. "Born the son of illiterate Neapolitan immigrants, and one of 12 children, Puzo grew up in Hell's Kitchen on the west side of Manhattan."
- ↑ Flamm, Matthew. "A Demimonde in Twilight," New York Times (June 2, 2002). Accessed March 15, 2009.
- ↑ OMERTA by Mario Puzo
- ↑ Cowie, Peter (1997). The Godfather Book. Faber and Faber, 17. ISBN 0571190111.
- ↑ Puzo, Mario (1972). The Godfather Papers and Other Confessions. G.P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN B000733YVC.
- ↑ Raab, Selwyn (2005). Five Families. Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0312300948.