|Born||December 18, 1888|
|Died||July 29, 1981|
Robert Moses was a noted architect and businessman.
Moses was the "master builder" of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, Rockland County, and Westchester County, New York. His decisions favoring highways over public transit helped create the modern suburbs of Long Island and influenced a generation of engineers, architects, and urban planners who spread his philosophies across the nation.
Never elected to public office, Moses was responsible for the creation and leadership of numerous public authorities which he could control without having to answer to the general public or to elected officials. As head of various authorities, he controlled millions in income from his projects' revenue generation, such as tolls, and he had the power to issue bonds to borrow vast sums, allowing him to initiate new ventures with little or no approval from legislative bodies, bypassing the usual power of the purse as it normally functioned in the United States, and the cumbersome process of citizen comment on major public works.
Moses lived on a virtual fortress of a private island near Manhattan opposite Michael Corleone's penthouse. Michael often wondered about the differences between the two men, as Moses was considered respectable despite his dealings. He also knew, due to advice from the mayor of New York, never to ask Moses for a favour.